What is Transportation in Federal Lands?
Transportation in federal lands is a balance between resource protection and visitor experience/access.
Examples of transportation in federal lands include:
- Alternative Transportation Systems - Providing services and facilities that offer alternatives to motorized travel (shuttles, bike facilities, walking trails) or that make more motorized travel more efficient and sustainable (ITS, alternative fuels, congestion management).
- Multi-Modal Integration - Providing private auto, public transportation and non-motorized access to Federal land unit (70% of which are in rural areas), integrating unit transportation services with gateway communities, and serving visitors’ recreational needs (access to trails, traveling with a bike, etc.).
- Transit System Management - Planning, operating and marketing sustainable transit systems.
- Parking Management - Addressing periodic parking problems. Some of the biggest issues FLMAs face is the demand for parking facilities outstripping the supply. In some cases alternative transportation can address the issue, but in many cases other approaches must be developed.
- Traffic Congestion - Providing multimodal approaches to addressing congestion issues. Many public lands face issues of traffic congestion, particularly during periods of heavy visitiation.
- Management of Off Road Use - Planning for use of FLMA roads and trails by non-traditional users such as ATVs.
- Access for Underserved Populations - Providing access to youth, those without vehicles, and population groups that are currently underrepresented in visitor numbers.
- Workforce Development - Providing opportunities for career growth and knowledge transfer for field staff, which are attainable despite limited travel budgets and heavy workloads.
- Road Ecology - Protecting wildlife and preserving habitats along roadways while enhancing safety by preventing animal-vehicle collisions.
- Resource Quality - Managing and mitigating threats to air, water and other resources, such as road dust, emissions, and chemical run-off from roadways.
- Comprehensive Transportation Planning - Developing longer-term or larger scale transportation plans, i.e. corridor plans or regional network plans.
- Safety - Conducting safety audits to ensure traveler safety in a unique roadway environment: large numbers of unfamiliar drivers; pedestrians and cyclists sharing the roadway; drivers who stop frequently for sightseeing; or driving challenges such as narrow, curvy, or mountainous roads.
- Operations and Performance - Collecting performance data, evaluating efficiency, identifying gaps in current transportation services, and recommending actions and enhancements.